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Trade Regulations, Customs and Standards

IMPORT TARIFFS

Singapore is generally a free port and an open economy. More than 99% of all imports into Singapore enter the country duty-free. For social and/or environmental reasons, Singapore levies high excise taxes on distilled spirits and wine, tobacco products, motor vehicles and petroleum products.

Singapore levies a 7% Goods and Services Tax (GST). For dutiable goods, the taxable value for GST is calculated based on the CIF (Cost, Insurance and Freight) value plus all duties and other charges. In the case of non-dutiable goods, GST will be based on the CIF value plus any commission and other incidental charges whether or not shown on the invoice. If the goods are dutiable, the GST will be collected simultaneously with the duties. Special provisions pertain to goods stored in licensed warehouses and free trade zones. See http://www.iras.gov.sg and http://www.customs.gov.sg for more information.

Inland Revenue Authority of Singapore

Comptroller of Goods & Service Tax

55 Newton Road

Revenue House

Singapore 307987

Tel: +65 1800 356 8633 (General Helpline)

Fax: +65 6351 3553

Website: http://www.iras.gov.sg

Singapore Customs

55 Newton Road

#10-01 Revenue House

Singapore 307987

Tel: +65 6355 2000

Fax: +65 6250 8663

Email: customs_documentation@customs.gov.sg

Website: http://www.customs.gov.sg

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TRADE BARRIERS

Singapore maintains one of the most liberal trading regimes in the world, but U.S. companies face several trade barriers. Singapore maintains a tiered motorcycle operator licensing system based on engine displacement which, along with a road tax based on engine size, adversely affects U.S. exports of large motorcycles. Singapore also restricts the import and sale of non-medicinal chewing gum. For social and/or environmental reasons, it levies high excise taxes on distilled spirits and wine, tobacco products, and motor vehicles.

Services barriers include sectors such as pay TV, audiovisual and media services, licensing of online news websites, legal services, banking, and cloud computing services for financial institutions. Details can be found in the USTR Report on Foreign Trade Barriers that is available online at https://ustr.gov/sites/default/files/2016-NTE-Report-FINAL.pdf and http://www.ustr.gov.

While Singapore’s Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority (AVA) follows OIE and Codex guidelines, AVA can be overly strict and risk averse; and this has generated several ongoing trade barriers issues- mostly SPS - with the United States. AVA requires health certification for a wide range of uncooked meats and shelf fish; food inspectors regularly pull samples off the shelves of retail stores for laboratory testing of preservative and additives; and all meat imports are visually inspected and subjected to regular testing for salmonella / other micro bacteria. Regarding Pathogen Reduction Treatments (PRT), AVA now allows nine instead of eight out of the 41 antimicrobial washes currently allowed in the United States.

As for U.S. pork and pork products, AVA requires U.S. fresh and chilled pork products to be tested for trichinae even though Trichinella spiralis in U.S. commercial swine rarely shows up as U.S. pork producers practice stringent biosecurity protocols. The Trichinella testing is both expensive and time consuming, and thus creates a barrier to international trade. AVA also imposes strict shelf life requirements on frozen and processed meat and poultry products that limit the time after slaughter/ manufacture that a product must enter Singapore.

The USDA and AVA had concluded discussions on U.S. beef that allows for a greater access and range of U.S. beef products to Singapore. As of June 2015, these include bone-in, fillets and a diverse variety of processed beef products. Prior to this, Singapore restricted U.S. beef to only boneless beef from cattle less than 30 months of age. The U.S. was officially categorized by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) as negligible risk for BSE in 2013. For beef offal and processed products, added requirements and some restrictions still apply; and thus, this will require further discussion for greater market access into Singapore. After the recent successful discussion between APHIS and AVA, the temporary bans of U.S. poultry due to HPAI outbreaks have been scoped down from State to county level; and for LPAI outbreaks, the bans have been reduced from county level to 10 km radius around the affected premises.

IMPORT REQUIREMENTS AND DOCUMENTATION

Companies must make an inward declaration for all goods imported into Singapore. All imports require an import permit although this is largely a statistical requirement for most goods. Details can be found at http://www.customs.gov.sg/businesses/importing-goods/quick-guide-for-importers

Bona Fide Trade Samples

The import of trade samples that is below $295 is not subject to payment of duty and/or GST. In addition, no permit is required for their import. Bona fide trade samples (excluding liquors and tobacco) may be imported for the following purposes: solely for the purpose of soliciting orders for goods to be supplied from abroad; for demonstration in Singapore to enable manufacturers in Singapore to produce such articles to fulfill orders from abroad or by a manufacturer for the purpose of copying; and for testing or experimenting before producing such articles in Singapore. More information can be found at http://www.customs.gov.sg/businesses/importing-goods/import-procedures/types-of-import-permits

Medical and Medicinal Products Import Regulations

All medical devices and medicinal products, prescription and over-the-counter pharmaceuticals imported or sold in Singapore are required to be licensed by the Health Sciences Authority. The onus of applying for a product license rests with the license holder, i.e., a locally registered company that is responsible for the safety, quality and efficacy of the product. If U.S. companies have concerns regarding product licensing, they should contact the Health Sciences Authority (http://www.hsa.gov.sg) or ask a potential distributor to submit samples to the Health Sciences Authority.

U.S. Export Controls

Companies wanting to export controlled items to Singapore must apply for licenses from the appropriate government agencies in the United States. U.S. goods being re-exported from intermediary consignees in Singapore to ultimate consignees in third countries require specific licensing. Singapore is a major transshipment hub for the Asian market. While many items may not initially require an export license, exporters need to be aware that more than half of items exported to Singapore are re-exported to third countries that may have more stringent licensing requirements that require additional export licenses.

The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) is responsible for implementing and enforcing the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), which regulate the export and re-export of certain commercial items while other U.S government agencies regulate more specialized exports. For example, the U.S. Department of State has authority over defense articles and defense services. A list of agencies involved in export controls can be found at www.bis.doc.gov or in Supplement No. 3 Part 730 of the EAR which is available on BI Website at www.gpo.gov. If you have any questions or would like information on export controls, please contact our Regional Export Control Officer at http://export.gov/singapore/contactus. To find out more about Export Control Reform, please visit http://www.export.gov/ecr/.

A list that consolidates eleven export screening lists of the Departments of Commerce, State and the Treasury into a single search as an aid to industry in conducting electronic screens of potential parties to regulated transactions is available here: http://export.gov/ecr/eg_main_023148.asp.

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U.S. EXPORTS CONTROLS

Companies wanting to export controlled items to Singapore must apply for licenses from the appropriate government agencies in the United States. U.S. goods being re-exported from intermediary consignees in Singapore to ultimate consignees in third countries require specific licensing. Singapore is a major transshipment hub for the Asian market. While many items may not initially require an export license, exporters need to be aware that more than half of items exported to Singapore are re-exported to third countries that may have more stringent licensing requirements that require additional export licenses.

The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) is responsible for implementing and enforcing the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), which regulate the export and re-export of certain commercial items while other U.S government agencies regulate more specialized exports. For example, the U.S. Department of State has authority over defense articles and defense services. A list of agencies involved in export controls can be found at www.bis.doc.gov or in Supplement No. 3 Part 730 of the EAR which is available on BI Website at www.gpo.gov. If you have any questions or would like information on export controls, please contact our Regional Export Control Officer at http://export.gov/singapore/contactus. To find out more about Export Control Reform, please visit http://www.export.gov/ecr/.

A list that consolidates eleven export screening lists of the Departments of Commerce, State and the Treasury into a single search as an aid to industry in conducting electronic screens of potential parties to regulated transactions is available here: http://export.gov/ecr/eg_main_023148.asp.

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TEMPORARY ENTRY

Goods may be temporarily imported under the Temporary Import Scheme for a period of six months and for purposes such as repairs, testing and stage performances, auctions, displays, exhibitions or other similar events without the payment of duty and/or GST. A banker’s guarantee is required under the Temporary Import Scheme. The temporary imports are covered by a Customs Inward Permit or a Carnet. Goods temporarily imported must be re-exported within the prescribed period using a Customs Outward permit. GST has to be paid if the goods are not subsequently re-exported. The procedures governing such importation can be found at http://www.customs.gov.sg/businesses/importing-goods/temporary-import-scheme

Admission Temporaire/Temporary Admission (ATA) Carnet

A foreign exhibitor may import exhibition goods into Singapore using an ATA carnet. When the exhibitor arrives in Singapore, the carnet must be produced together with the goods to Customs at the entry point for verification and endorsement. When goods covered by a carnet are taken out of Singapore, the foreign exhibitor must produce the carnet together with the goods to Customs at the exit point for verification and endorsement. GST will be recovered from the carnet holder on any item that is unaccounted for. For more information on Temporary Importation for Exhibition, Auction & Fairs or Temporary Import Scheme, please contact the following or visit http://www.customs.gov.sg/businesses/importing-goods/temporary-import-scheme.

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LABELING AND MARKING REQUIREMENTS

Labels are required on imported food, drugs, liquors, paints and solvents and must specify the country of origin.

A food label should contain core information such as the prescribed food name, list of ingredients, mandatory warning, advisory statements or allergens declarations, net weight or volume, date mark, nutritional information panel, instructions for use or storage, country of origin, the name and address of the business and manufacturer and importer. Repackaged foods must be labeled to show (in English) the appropriate designation of food content printed in capital letters at least 1/16 inch; whether foods are compounded, mixed or blended; the minimum quantity stated in metric net weight or measure; the name and address of the manufacturer or seller; and the country of origin. Illustrations must accurately describe the true nature or origin of the food. Foods having defined standards must be labeled to conform to those standards and be free from added foreign substances. Packages of food described as “enriched”, “fortified”, “vitaminized” or in any other way that implies that the article contains added vitamins or minerals must show the quantity of vitamins or minerals added per metric unit. More information can be found at : http://www.ava.gov.sg/explore-by-sections/food/labelling-packaging-information/labelling-guidelines-for-food-importers-manufacturers and http://www.ava.gov.sg/explore-by-sections/food/labelling-packaging-information/labelling-guidelines-for-food-importers-manufacturers.

There are two levels of labeling requirements for medicinal products. Administrative labeling requirements are not statutory requirements and are specified in the Health Sciences Authority’s Guidance on Medicinal Product Registration in Singapore. Compliance is checked during the product registration process, prior to granting of marketing approval. For legal labeling requirements, these are stipulated in the legislation related to medicinal products regulation in Singapore and are subject to the Health Sciences Authority’s surveillance program. The labeling requirements include the name of the active ingredient, quantitative particulars, product license number and name and address of the dealer. More information may be obtained at http://www.hsa.gov.sg/content/dam/HSA/HPRG/Useful_Information_for_Applicants/Legislation/MEDICINES%20(LABELLING)%20REGULATIONS.pdf.

Labeling and advertising legislation also applies to the sale of vitamins and dietary supplements. Generally, labeling laws require that: 1) the composition of the products is disclosed in English, 2) labels/packaging materials not contain any references to diseases/conditions as specified in the schedule to the Medicines (Advertisement & Sale) Act (http://statutes.agc.gov.sg/aol/home.w3p ); and 3) the advertising/sale promotion of the product in the public media be approved by the Health Sciences Authority.

As the national Safety Authority for 45 categories of Controlled Goods as well as the Weights and Measures Authority, SPRING administers two marks, namely, the SAFETY Mark and the ACCURACY Label.

The “SAFETY Mark” is intended for selected electrical and electronic products as well as gas appliances which are sold to consumers for use in Singapore households. The “SAFETY Mark” helps consumers to identify registered Controlled Goods. All registered Controlled Goods must be tested to specific international and national safety standards and certified safe by designated product certification bodies. The products are individually marked with the “SAFETY Mark” either on the product or the packaging. The “SAFETY Mark” is unique and traceable to the registrant and the registered models. More information on the registration for the SAFETY Mark can be obtained from: http://www.spring.gov.sg/productsafety

As the Safety Authority, SPRING also administers the Consumer Protection (Consumer Goods Safety Requirements) Regulations (CGSR) to enhance the safety of general consumer goods in the household. Such consumer goods include toys, children’s products, apparel and furniture. These regulations bring the safety of Singapore’s consumer goods in line with internationally accepted standards. There is no approval needed from the Safety Authority. The authority carries out regular market surveillance to protect consumers against unsafe consumer goods. More information on CGSR can be obtained from: www.spring.gov.sg/CGSR.

The “ACCURACY Label” covers weighing and measuring instruments intended for trade use. In Singapore, all weighing and measuring instruments used for trade purposes (like price computing scales in supermarkets, baggage weighing machines at airports and seaports as well as fuel dispensers at petrol stations) are regulated under the Singapore Weights and Measures Act and Regulations. Before an ACCURACY Label can be affixed on the instrument, it will first need to be pattern registered with SPRING. Thereafter, every individual weighing or measuring instrument will need to be verified fit for trade use and affixed with a tamper-proof seal and the ACCURACY Label by SPRING-appointed Authorised Verifiers (AVs).

Competent private sector bodies such as manufacturers, installers, suppliers and repairers of weighing and measuring instruments may apply to be designated by SPRING to handle the verification of weighing and measuring instruments for trade use. More information on the ACCURACY Label can be obtained from: www.spring.gov.sg/wmo

Telecommunication equipment imported for use in Singapore is subject to “Type Approval” by the Infocomm Development Authority of Singapore. More information can be obtained from: www.ida.gov.sg

For the construction industry, the Building and Construction Authority uses the Construction Quality Assessment System (CONQUAS) to objectively rate building works. Details are available at: www.bca.gov.sg.

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PROHIBITED AND RESTRICTED IMPORTS

Special import licenses are required for certain goods, including strategic items, hazardous chemicals, radioactive materials, films and videos, video games, arms and ammunition, agricultural biotechnology products, food derived from agricultural biotechnology products, medical devices, prescription drugs, over-the-counter drugs, vitamins with very high dosages of certain nutrients, and cosmetics and skin care products. The import of items such as lighters in the shape of pistols or revolvers, firecrackers, handcuffs, shell casings, and silencers is prohibited.

Generally, the import of goods that the government determines as posing a threat to health, security, safety and social decency is controlled. A full list of prohibited products and controlled goods and their corresponding controlling agencies can be obtained from the Singapore Customs website at

http://www.customs.gov.sg/leftNav/trad/TradeNet/List+Of+Controlled+Goods+-+Imports.html

and http://www.customs.gov.sg/leftNav/trav/Controlled+and+Prohibited+Goods.html.

Companies must make an outward declaration to export or re-export goods out of Singapore. Selected items are subjected to controls on exports of goods from Singapore. Items such as rubber, timber, granite, satellite dishes and receivers, and chlorofluorocarbons are subjected to export control and licensing. Items under export control must be endorsed or licensed by the appropriate government agencies before they can be exported. More information may be obtained at http://www.customs.gov.sg/leftNav/trad/TradeNet/List+Of+Controlled+Goods+-+Exports.html.

The Strategic Trade Scheme (STS) is an enhanced permit regime that seeks to promote effective internal export control compliance and provide legitimate traders with greater facilitation in permit declarations involving transactions of strategic goods for non-WMD (Weapons of Mass Destruction) related end-use. The STS comprises 3 tiers whereby the level of facilitation and flexibility accorded to a company will be contingent upon the quality of their internal export control compliance program. More information may be obtained at http://www.customs.gov.sg/~/media/cus/files/business/strategic%20goods%20control/2016-02-04%20sts%20handbook.pdf?la=en.

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CUSTOMS REGULATIONS AND CONTACT INFORMATION

Customs Regulations

In Singapore, valuation for customs purposes is based on the Customs Valuation Code (CVC). The primary basis for customs value is the transaction value of the imported goods when sold for export to Singapore. Where goods are dutiable, ad valorem or specific rates may be applied. An ad valorem rate, which is most commonly applied, is a percentage of the Customs value of the imported goods. A specific rate is a specified amount per unit of weight of other quantity.

Cost, insurance, freight, handling charges and all other charges incidental to the sale and delivery of the goods are taken into account when the duty is assessed. Exporters are required to ensure that the declared values of goods have not been undervalued or the Customs and Excise Department will increase the values declared. Severe penalties may be imposed on traders attempting to evade duty.

Free Trade Zone/Warehouses

Singapore has three Free Trade Zone (FTZ) authorities, namely PSA Corporation Ltd, Jurong Port Pte Ltd and the Changi Airport Group (Singapore) Pte Ltd. The eight FTZs are Brani Terminal, Keppel Distripark, Pasir Panjang Terminal, Sembawang Wharves, Tanjong Pagar Terminal, Keppel Terminal, Jurong Port, Airport Logistics Park of Singapore and the Changi Airport Cargo Terminal Complex. They provide a wide range of facilities and services for storage and re-export of dutiable and controlled goods. Goods can be stored within the zones without any customs documentation until they are released in the market and they can also be processed and re-exported with minimum customs formalities. More information can be found at http://www.customs.gov.sg.

GST is suspended for imported goods deposited in a FTZ and will only be payable upon removal from the FTZ for local consumption. GST is not payable on supply made in FTZ if the goods supplied are meant for transshipment or re-export.

The FTZs at the port facilitate entrepot trade and promote the handling of transshipment cargo. They offer free 72-hour storage for import/export of conventional and containerized cargo and 140-day free storage for transshipment/re-export cargo.

There are many warehouse space options available in Singapore. Some of the more popular ones are located close to the port and within easy reach of the airport and the Jurong industrial hub. These include the Tanjong Pagar, Alexandra and Pasir Panjang distriparks which are home to many established multinationals. The distriparks, in varying designs and sizes cater to Central Distribution Center operators, manufacturers, traders, freight forwarders and others.

http://www.customs.gov.sg/businesses/resources/directories-of-service-providers/licensed-premises-for-zero-gst-goods.

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STANDARDS

Overview

As the national standards and accreditation body, SPRING Singapore develops and promotes a robust and internationally-recognised quality and standards assurance infrastructure in Singapore. This infrastructure enables enterprises to become more efficient, productive, global and competitive, as well as supports national initiatives in areas such as health, safety, and protection of the environment.

SPRING also encourages local industries and enterprises to adopt standards and conformance schemes to build trust in Singapore products and services.

To facilitate trade with Singapore’s trading partners, SPRING had signed bilateral and multilateral Memoranda of Understanding (MOUs) and Mutual Recognition Arrangements (MRAs) with a number of agencies and governments around the world.

SPRING currently participates in a number of international or regional fora such as the Pacific Area Standards Congress (PASC), Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Sub-Committee on Standards & Conformance (APEC SCSC), ASEAN Consultative Committee on Standards & Quality (ACCSQ), and Pacific Accreditation Cooperation (PAC).

SPRING also administers the SPRING Business Excellence (BE) Initiative which helps organisations enhance their management systems and processes to improve performance. By adopting the internationally benchmarked BE framework, organisations achieve key certification milestones and can also vie for the prestigious BE awards.

Standards

The Singapore Standardisation Programme is administered by SPRING to develop and promote Singapore Standards and International Standards which are important to Singapore. It establishes and publishes Singapore Standards by announcement in the Government Gazette. SPRING is a member body of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and also a member body of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) through the Singapore National Committee of the IEC.

SPRING facilitates the participation of industry in standards development work through the industry-led Singapore Standards Council. To strengthen its linkages with industry, the Council comprises standards partners or experts from the private and public sectors. The Standards Council approves the publication and withdrawal of Singapore Standards (SSs) and Technical References (TRs). It also oversees Singapore’s participation in the development or monitoring of ISO and IEC international standards that are important to Singapore. It currently has 12 Standards Committees (SCs) to lead the development and promotion of standards in various industries or technical fields such as biomedical, building & construction, chemical, electrical & electronic, food and management systems. Under the various Standards Committees (SCs), Technical Committees (TCs) and Working Groups (WGs) are established to undertake the preparation and promotion of standards. More information can be obtained at: http://www.spring.gov.sg/standards.

Where possible, SPRING promotes the use of international standards. SSs are developed when there are no suitable international standards.

Conformity Assessment

Conformity assessment is the process used to demonstrate that a product, service or system meets specified requirements, likely to be contained in a standard. Conforming to national or international standards provides consumers with added confidence, enterprises with a competitive edge and helps regulators to ensure that safety or environmental requirements are met.

Conformity Assessment Bodies (CABs) are testing and calibration laboratories, certification bodies as well as inspection bodies that provide conformity assessment services. A list of conformity assessment bodies accredited by the Singapore Accreditation Council (SAC) may be found here:

http://www.sac-accreditation.gov.sg/cab/acab/Pages/search_acab.aspx.

Product Certification

A list of the designated product certification bodies for the Consumer Protection (Safety Requirements) Registration Scheme (CPS Scheme) administered by SPRING can be found here:

http://www.spring.gov.sg/Building-Trust/Raising-Confidence/Consumer-Product-Safety/CPS-Scheme/Documents/CPS_InfoBooklet.pdf.

Accreditation

Accreditation is an endorsement of a Conformity Assessment Bodies’ (CABs) competence, credibility, independence and integrity in carrying out its conformity assessment activities. Besides being the national standards body in Singapore, SPRING is also the national accreditation body managing the Singapore Accreditation Council (SAC).

The SAC's primary function is to accredit CABs based on international standards. After being assessed on their competence, impartiality and performance capability to offer specified conformity assessment services, CABs gain the right of use of the SAC accreditation marks in their issuance of endorsed test/calibration/inspection reports or accredited certificates.

The SAC currently operates accreditation programs in the following areas:

Calibration laboratories covering the temperature, dimensional, electrical and mechanical; and testing laboratories covering chemical, biological, environmental, medical, medical imaging, electrical, non-destructive testing, gaming and testing related to civil and mechanical engineering

Inspection bodies for areas such as industrial pressure vessels and lifting equipment, motor vehicle, structural steelwork, cargo, technical audit for extension of pressure vessel, site investigation and hook lift and container

Quality management system (ISO 9001) certification bodies

Environmental management system (ISO 14001) certification bodies

Product certification bodies

Personnel certification bodies

Occupational safety and health management system (OSHMS) certification bodies

Hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP) food safety management system certification bodies

Food safety management system (ISO 22000) certification bodies

Good distribution practice for medical device (GDPMDS) certification bodies

Business continuity management certification bodies

Energy management system (EnMS) certification bodies

Water efficiency management system certification bodies

Asset management system certification bodies

Proficiency testing providers

In October 2010, the SAC was formally recognised by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for the ENERGY STAR Program. More information is available at: http://www.sac-accreditation.gov.sg.

The SAC had signed a number of accreditation related multilateral mutual recognition arrangements (MRAs/MLAs). These include:

Asia Pacific Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (APLAC) MRA for testing, calibration, medical (ISO 15189), inspection and proficiency testing providers

Pacific Accreditation Cooperation (PAC) MLA for quality management system certification, product certification and food safety management system certification

International Accreditation Forum (IAF) MLA for quality management system certification, product certification and food safety management system certification

International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC) MRA for testing, calibration and inspection.

In addition, SPRING had appointed SAC as the Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) Compliance Monitoring Authority in Singapore. In January 2010, Singapore became a Mutual Acceptance of Data (MAD) adherent member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This means that GLP studies conducted in Singapore for the health and safety assessment of chemicals will be accepted in more than 30 OECD and non-OECD member countries.

Singapore operates a MRA on telecom equipment certification with the U.S. The MRA provides for direct entry of telecommunications into either market without the need for additional testing and certification. Under the Asian Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Telecommunications MRA implemented between the U.S. and Singapore, products can be tested and certified in the United States for conformance with Singapore's technical requirements. A list of the recognised U.S. testing and certification agencies can be found at: https://www.ida.gov.sg/Policies-and-Regulations/International-Relations/Testing-Laboratories-and-Certification-Bodies-Recognised-by-IDA.

Publication of Technical Regulations

Singapore Standards (SS) are nationally recognized documents that undergo the full consensus process, including a two-month public review before publication. They are functional or technical requirements in the form of specifications for materials, product system or process, codes of practice, methods of test, terminologies, and guides, etc. They are voluntary in nature, except when referred to by the regulatory bodies in legislations. International standards can be adopted as SS.

On the other hand, Technical References (TR) are transitional documents developed to provide guidance for products and services to help meet urgent industry demands in areas where there is an absence of reference standards. They are pre-standards for trial over a period of two years to assess on their suitability for the local industry. TR can, therefore, become SS after two years, continue as TR for further comments, or be withdrawn.

Both SS and TR are available for purchase from the Singapore Standards eShop. SPRING had appointed Toppan Leefung Pte Ltd to manage the sale of the SS and TR, as well as international and overseas standards that SPRING is permitted to sell in Singapore. Toppan Leefung’s contact details are:

Toppan Leefung Pte Ltd

1 Kim Seng Promenade #18-01

Great World City East Tower

Singapore 237994

Operating Hours:

Mon to Fri: 9.30 am to 6.00 pm

Closed on Saturdays, Sundays and Public Holidays

Customer Service Hotline: + (65) 6826 9691

Fax: + (65) 6820 3341

Email: singaporestandardseshop@toppanleefung.com

Website: http://www.singaporestandardseshop.sg

Contact Information

SPRING Singapore

2 Fusionopolis Way

#15-01 Innovis

Singapore 138634

Tel: (65) 6278 6666

Fax: (65) 6250 1096

Website: www.spring.gov.sg

Ms. CHANG Kwei Fern

Director, Accreditation Division

Email: sac@spring.gov.sg

Mr. CHEONG Tak Leong

Director, Standards Division

Email: standards@spring.gov.sg

Ms. LIM Lee Fang

Deputy Director, Consumer Protection, Weights & Measures Division

Email: safety@spring.gov.sg

Mr. Patrick LIM

Director, Business & Service Excellence Division

Email: be@spring.gov.sg

Standards contact at U.S. Commercial Service, Singapore:

Ms. CHIA Swee Hoon

Senior Commercial Specialist

Email: Sweehoon.chia@trade.gov

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Trade Agreements

As a nation with a small domestic market that depends on imports for food, energy and industrial raw materials, Singapore places the highest priority on the multilateral trading system embodied by the World Trade Organization (WTO). As a member of the WTO, Singapore believes that the WTO can provide a stable framework for developing sound multilateral rules that ensure that goods and services can flow freely with minimum impediment. The primary objective of Singapore’s trade policy is to guard its trading interest by ensuring a free and open international trading environment.

In tandem with its support of the WTO, Singapore advocates that trade efforts are undertaken in the regional context such as APEC (Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation), ASEM (Asia-Europe Meeting) and ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) as well as bilateral Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) to accelerate the momentum of trade liberalization and strengthen the multilateral trading system. It has actively pursued a number of legally binding arrangements with trading partners. ASEAN is preparing a roadmap for an ASEAN Economic Community by 2020 that aims to create a single enlarged market of 600 million people.

Singapore has concluded FTAs with the United States, ASEAN, Australia, New Zealand, Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, China, India, Japan, South Korea, Costa Rica, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Norway & Iceland, Gulf Cooperation Council, Panama, Peru and with Brunei, Chile and New Zealand under the Trans-Pacific SEP (Strategic Economic Partnership) Agreement. FTA negotiations are ongoing with Canada, Mexico, Pakistan and the Ukraine.

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